Recent additions to pages Page 1 2
* 12th October 2023 The descent of Midgley of Cawthorne, Normanton, Brayton, Hainworth from Robert I Bruce, king of Scotland has been determined from additional information found at Ancestry.com and Familysearch.org. The GATEWAY ANCESTOR is Lady Christina Bruce
Linking to king Robert Bruce connects to earlier noble families such as De Clare, earls of Hereford; Marshalls; King David of Scotland; Henry of Scotland (an earl of Huntingdon), Warenne of earls of Surrey and the manor of Wakefield; Vermandois; De Montfort and Henry I Capet, king of France. For the descent see Midgley of Cawthorne
* 17th May 2023 Justin Sanders has added information regarding the engineer and inventor Albert Henry Midgley of Huddersfield, who amongst many other endeavours, probably worked on the 'bouncing bomb' of World War II, made famous in 'The Dam Buster's" film. On the same page Midgley records for Harewood parish have been added.
Additionally zipped Gedcom files have been added for Midgley of Haworth on the Gedcom page
* 11th December 2022 Recent information for Midgley of Bingley, Manningham and Hunslet has been added.
* 18th October 2022 Additional information has been included for Albert Henry Midgley of Huddersfield, electrical engineer and inventor extraordinaire.
* 14th January 2022 A page for Guiseley and Horsforth has been added.
* 23rd April - St. George's Day - 2021 More details for Midgley of Thornton, Headley, Scholemoor, Breary and Alwoodley See Thornton page.
* 25th January 2021 An updated Gedcom for Midgley of Almondbury can be found on the Almondbury page there is also a new page for Midgley relating to St. Wilfrid's, the parish church of Brayton near Selby which dates from Norman times.
* 12th December 2020 Stephen Prior has added more information re the Midgleys of Horsforth.
* 24th September 2020 Additional information for Midgley of Cookridge, Harwood and Alwoodley.
6th September 2020 The eagerly awaited 1921 census will be released during 2021.
The 1931 census returns, including schedules, enumeration books and plans, were completely destroyed in a fire in Hayes, Middlesex, where the census was being stored. Many precautions had been taken to protect the census, which all failed. ... These provide a viable census substitute for the 1941 census.
* 3rd April 2020
Additional information concerning the Arms of Midgley has been added as well as the links between the families of Midgley, Murgatroyd and Waterhouse [download].
* 29th February 2020
A link in the 1300's has been forged between Midgley of Shafton and those of Stanley near Wakefield through an association with the attorney John de Northland and John de Wakefield. Felkirk and Shafton.
* 27th October 2019 Additional records for Midgleys of Brayton near Selby have been added.
* 27th July 2019
John Midgley - listed
on the credits as a sound recordist on the 2014 ‘The Imitation Game’ with Kiera Knightley as well as the 2001 version of ‘Enigma’ with Kate Winslet.
List of credits
His work on the King's Speech
Sound mixing in the film 'Hugo'
* 21st January 2019
A combined pedigree in gedcom format for Waterhouse-Farrer-Midgley of Halifax , Midgley and environs.
Additional information re Midgley of Felkirk and Stanley Hall provided by Ric White.
Additional information added to the Leeds page re the family of Breary.
* 3rd November 2018
Text files for Midgley of Selby and Brayton 1700's-1800's have been added at the Selby district page
* 18th September 2018
A photograph of the headstone for Newrick Midgley at Hemingborough Churchyard has been added on the Selby district page
* 19th July 2018
Clare Peden has found a link for her Pennsylvania family back to Leeds in Yorkshire. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/america.html
* 4th April 2018
Evidence for 'John Midge' the highwayman in the time of Dick Turpin.
* 8th March 2018
Record for the 1379 poll tax for Midgley near Halifax with links to pedigrees of Midgley-Murgatroyd-Lacy of Calderdale.
* 12th January 2018
A pedigree chart for early tenants in Horbury, Sitlington, Little Midgley etc. showing the relationship to Thomas de Midgley early 1200's. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/horbury.html
* 8th November 2017
Additional information re Walter Midgley of Bradford has been added by Martin Midgley at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/bradford.html
and also Walter Midgley and his siblings of Keighley at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/westyorks.html both of whom were killed in action during the Great War of 1914-1918.
* 29th October 2017
The Chadwick Museum in Bolton, Lancashire is inviting submissions for a painting commission for its new galleries of ancient Egypt. The Portraits Wall within the new galleries will commemorate four key figures from the establishment of Bolton Museum and its world class collection of ancient Egyptian artefacts: Annie Barlow, Samuel Taylor Chadwick, and William and Thomas Midgley.
Also see: https://www.midgleywebpages.com/selby.html and William Waller Midgley
James Midgley in the U.S. seems to have made an important link from his North American predecessors in Illinois to his English origins from Knaresborough in Yorkshire.
* 3rd June 2017
Additional information re William Midgley gent. of Halifax and his link to the Holdsworths. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/haifax.html
* 25th May 2017
Brenda Chambers has information regarding her mill working Midgley family of Warley / Luddenden Foot, hailing from Erringden West Yorkshire in the 1800's.
* 12th April 2017
Additional information added to the Barnsley page at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/barnsley.html with a gedcom to download for the descent of Walter Midgley, operatic singer.
* 18th March 2017
John Seakins has added more to the Midgley branch from South Duffield, Hemingborough https://www.midgleywebpages.com/selby.html
Information has been added for Selby abbey and the coats of arms therein which includes the Thornhill arms, closely related to those of Midgley.
* 20th February 2017
A page has been compiled relating to Jervaulx Abbey where Simon de Midgley was abbot 1304 -1312. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/jervaulx.html
More information about the early Midgley family of Stanley near Wakefield has been found in the Wakefield Court Rolls. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/stanley.html
* 30th December 2016
John Seakins of New Zeland has developed a pedigree for Midgley of Crawley, Sussex which appears to be descended from Midgley of Selby, Yorkshire.
* 28th December 2016
A chart showing the relationship between the Midgley and Murgatroyd families of Thornton, Luddenden and Warley West Yorkshire.
https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midgleywest.html OR directly https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midg_ludd_thorn.jpg
Also a chart showing how Richard Midgley of Halifax, Yeoman clothier at Magson House, Luddendenfoot in 1613 is related to the Oldfield family of Luddendenfoot.
* 24th July 2016
A drawing of the Midgley coat of arms has been included, as found in Gregson's Fragments for Lancashire. James Midgley of Spring Hill, Accrington who was a contributor
to the 1824 work probably submitted this image. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/quakers.html
* 27th March 2016
The page of useful links to genealogy sites has been revised, hopefully no more out-of-date hyperlinks. See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/genesites.html
* 22nd March 2016
Additional information re the Midgley family of Buersil and Springhill, Rochdale, cotton spinners. This information is found in a notebook of the Quaker Joseph Wood at http or directly from https://www.midgleywebpages.com/joseph_woods.pdf
Updated information re the Midgley-Sagar family of Sagar Barns near Mitton and Stoneyhurst, Lancashire https://www.midgleywebpages.com/blackburnshire.html
* 27th February 2016
TASMANIA AS THE FLAVOUR OF THE MONTH
Additional information and photographs have been added for Midgley pioneer farmers of Tasmania. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/felkirk.html with an intriguing connection between Buckland church, Tasmania and Battle Abbey, the site of King Harold's death at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/battleroll.html also photographs of early Hobart added to the page for Samuel Midgley, an Australian First Fleeter. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/index-5.html
* 25th January 2016
to avoid marrying the sister of your father's wife otherwise you will become very
If you happen to find yourself in this unfortunate position the following will occur:
1. You will become your father's brother-in-law.
2. You will become brother-in-law and stepson to your father's wife.
3. Your father's wife will become your sister-in-law and stepmother.
4. Your father's wife will be your mother-in-law and besides being a sister-in-law, also a sister to your wife.
5. Your wife besides being a sister-in-law to your father is also your father's daughter-in-law
6. Your wife is also your father's step mother's sister, sister-in-law and daughter-in-law.
Your father=====Your father's wife |
Eh ba gumm tha' family will be reet moocked oop
Reconnect Page: Can WW II photographer, Sgt. Norman Midgley, be connected to any known Midgley family?
* 17th September 2015
Additional witnessing by William de Miggeley made in 1318 before he was knighted have been located in the C.C.R. and T.N.A.
* 14th September 2014
A painting by William A. Midgley has been added showing a meeting between Pope Gregory I and two Anglian child slaves from Deira (the old name for Yorkshire).
* 14th August 2014
A new web page for the Horbury lineage of Sitlington, Flockton, Little Midgley &c. at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/horbury.html where Thomas de Horbury may also have been called Thomas de Midgley.
* 26th June 2014
Photographs of the marble plaques at the back of Haworth Parish Church relating to David Midgley as lord of the manor of Haworth and the Bronte family have been added at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/haworth.html
* 31st May 2014
Operatic arias &c. sung by Walter Midgley from the 1940-60's have been added to the bottom of the Midgleys of Barnsley page.
* 23rd May 2014
Karen Uslin has traced her Midgley predecessors back from Pennsylvania to Adel in Yorkshire. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/westyorks.html
* 28th March 2014
Images recently added :
i. Photographs of a purse that belonged to Mary E. Midgley of Saffron Walden, daughter of Arthur Midgley and Mary Doncaster Cox. It was presented by Mary to Princess Louise, Queen Victoria’s daughter. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/rochdale.html
ii. William Waller Midgley's photographs of Wensleydale, 1906 https://www.midgleywebpages.com/lancashire.html
* 11th January 2014
Photographs from Midgley near Halifax have been added showing the town -syke or communal well and the town stocks. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midgleywest.html
* 12th December 2013
Extractions of all Midgley surnames from the Wakefield Court Rolls 1274-1340 have now been completed in one file.
* 5th October 2013
A photograph of Hathershelf Farm has been added, this was the residence of John de Miggeley in 1274, forester for the forest of Sowerby. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midgleywest.html
* 29th May 2013
Early charters referring to the manor of Sitlington and Little Midgley have been added to https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midgleyeast.html where the location of the smithies of the monks of Rievaulx Abbey were located at Blacker Beck and Wood, correcting William Farrer's (1916) speculation. These additions are located where the icon is seen.
* 17th April 2013
Information available online and elsewhere for locating the Wakefield Court Rolls, 1274-1340 https://www.midgleywebpages.com/wakeroll.html
* 2nd April 2013
Evidence has surfaced that Sir William de Midgley was also called 'William de Shelf'. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/knight.html
A more detailed map of the townships of the manor of Wakefield can be found at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/thornhill.html
A genetic variation in the value of the 12th marker of 389-2 giving a value of 17 suggests from a study of the genetics other Anglo-Danish names in the West Riding of Yorkshire that the usual value of 28-31 for Scandinavian origin is absent. This indicates that of the two hypotheses for the origin of the surname viz:-
i) A Norman- French
ii) An Anglo-Danish origin.
The Norman-French origin is favoured for at least one line.
* 3rd March 2013
A chronological arrangement of parish church register entries for the parish church of Adel, West Yorkshire for the Midgley surname at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/adel.doc The entries show Catherine Countess of Cambridge's Midgley predecessors . Will Midgley genetics reach the English throne? (yes they did!) If so then the genetics of 'Robyn Hode' and Midgley will be united. Long live king /queen Midge! Don't believe me, then wait for the book. Just a little more ground research and fine tuning and it will finally be exposed using primary historical sources.
* 8th December 2012
Steven Midgley has added extensions of the Midgleys of Selby & Normanton lines into the 1900's at the Gedcom page or directly download the Gedcom as a zipped file here.
A photograph of Arthur Midgley a descendant of the family from Rochdale has come to light. It shows Arthur with his family at 'Summerhill' Woolongong N.S.W. See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/rochdale.html
* 5th October 2012
Free pedigree chart in pdf format. Download and create multiple copies. To add your family information to the chart go to Tools > Advanced editing, retain digital copies and/or print off.
* 12th September 2012
I was recently informed that Milnethorpe Midgley of Tasmania recently died on 11th September 2012 at Ulverstone, Tasmania. Born 1st May 1917, died 95 years old. Patriarch of the large Midgley family in Australia and New Zealand , much loved and will be greatly missed. Milnethorpe put together the Australian family tree.
This branch of the family originated in Felkirk, Yorkshire. See: https://www.midgleywebpages.com/felkirk.html
Also two abbots bearing phonetic variants of the Midgley surname have been identified from abbeys in medieval Yorkshire. See Early Names
* 22nd August 2012
Connections between the early Midgley - Thornhill - Everingham families of Yorkshire have been detected. See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/knight.html or direct:
* 16th July 2012
Chateau de Miglos. Noticed during the Tour de France between Limoux and Foix. Miglos Castle lies south of Foix and south west of the Magdalene Tower in the north Pyrenees. Is this an early origin for the surname Midgley? Arnaud de Miglos a supporter of the Cathars was in residence here about the 1250's.
* 14th June 2012
R. 'Neil' Midgley has located a variation to his line at Harewood. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/wharfedale.html
* 14th April 2012
John Tillotson has information regarding Mary Midgley born in Cleckheaton https://www.midgleywebpages.com/westyorks.html
* 19th January 2012
More information regarding Sir William de Midgley has come to light and why he was granted the manors of Shelf and Frisley near Halifax. Indicated by on the page https://www.midgleywebpages.com/knight.html
* 10th October 2011
Recent study of the Thornhill ancestors pedigree has provided evidence for the source of a least one early branch of the Midgley name as ealy as the 1100's. The Thornhills appear to have diversified their names in Peter de Midgley, the earliest of the surname so far found in England. In addition we find a 'miracle' associated with Essulf's family, predecessors of the Thionhills and Midgley families. Essulf was a resident of Yorkshire who had extensive land holdings and was a friend of the martyr St. Thomas a' Beckett. A large painted-glass window in Canterbury Cathedral celebrates this occasion. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/thornhill.html
* 1st July 2011
Derek Midgley has added a little more to his branch of the Midgleys of Bradford. https://www.midgleywebpages.com/bradford.html
* 30th June 2011 Midgley of Crigglestone, Royston & Swinton, Yorkshire have been added. One branch of this family migrated to Melbourne Australia in 1919. See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/barnsley.html or https://www.midgleywebpages.com/australia.html
A photograph of the tombstone of Catherine Middleton's Midgley antecedents has been placed at: https://www.midgleywebpages.com/westyorks.html
* 20th April 2011
With the interest engendered in Catherine Middleton's family tree by the forthcoming royal wedding, it appears that Catherine has Midgley genetics in the 12th to the 7th generations on her father's side. Middleton is a township between Leeds and Wakefield W.R. Y. This is 'Robin Hood' and 'merrie men' country and not just because the nearest township is 'Robin Hood'.
7th great grandparent Ester Midgeley, b. ... 28 April 1669
[IGI], d. ... 1726 [Lupton Pedigree 3] who married Francis Lupton of Leeds.
8th great grandparent Ralph Midgeley, of Breragh b. ... , d. ... [Ibid.]
9th great grandparent Robert Midgeley, of Breragh, b. ... , d. ... [Ibid.]
10th great grand parent John Midgeley, b. ... , d. ... [Ibid.]
11th great grandparet Richard Midgeley, of Breragh, b. ... , d. ... [Ibid.] ''Breragh' is Breary Hall near Bramhope and Harewood House north of Leeds. The parish church was Adel.
12th great grand parent Edward Midgeley, of Midgeley, near Halifax, b. ... , d. ... [Ibid.]
Source: The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton, written by William Addams Reitwiesner
The coat of arms above was created recently for Catherine and will be impaled [sinistrally] with Prince William's arms [dextrally] after their marriage.* If the Middletons knew anything about their family history then the Midgley arms at least in part should perhaps be included! Catherine is often described as a 'commoner', however this term has a different meaning today than when used in its original context. The term commoner was applied by the Normans in England and their descendants meaning there were more of the English than the ruling Norman class. That is the commoners were the true English. So if we reinterpret the term commoner in its original context it means a truly English person. Importantly from our genealogy, any children born of this union will have Yorkshire Midgley heritage. William has genetics not only from the vast repository of the Scots, English and Hanoverian, Greek royalty &c. but also of course the Spencer genetics through his mother. These genetics and the name descend from the Despensers, one notable being Hugh Despenser the younger, a favourite of the unfortunate King Edward II. * Note: The 'shield' is always described as if it were being held by the owner, not the spectator.
An hilarious if somewhat irreverent parody of the royal wedding
* 11th January 2011 Simon Jackson's photographs of Arthur Midgley's loving cup are at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/loving_cup.html
*7th January 2011 Allen Midgley of Canada has started the MidgleyWorld on FACEBOOK.
* Simon Jackson has come into the possession of a loving cup 'which was painted in underglaze blue by Arthur Midgley in 1914, for his niece Winifred (who I think it says on the mug was born 28th November 1882). It is a quite charming piece decorated with the Midgley arms, and also with Haworth on there as well as other designs.' Simon has offered to forward some photographs of the cup which shows similarities to those made by Arthur at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/rochdale.html and https://www.midgleywebpages.com/quakers.html.
* Stephen Douglas Burton has added more information concerning the Midgleys of Almondbury who joined a wagon train across the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains in 1855 See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/almondbury.html and https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midg_beau.html
*13th December 2010 Further information regarding William Waller Midgley, first curator of Bolton Museum, Lancashire at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/selby.html - near the bottom of the page is a broad outline of the family, including William's, stemming from William Midgley, farmer of Brayton and Elizabeth Fielder.
*12th December 2010 An updated & zipped Gedcom file of Midgley of Cawthorne, Hambleton, Normanton, Thorpe Willoughby, Brayton, Acaster Malbis, Acaster Selby, Pickering, York, Copmanthorpe, Elvington, Askham Bryan, Rufforth, Wistow &c. can now be downloaded from https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midgedcom.html or directly from https://www.midgleywebpages.com/hnc.zip Many thanks to Steven Midgley who has added greatly to these various branches by his exhaustive searches at the Borthwick Institute, York.
* Stephen Douglas Burton of Maine has a connection to Ann Midgley who is connected to the Beaumont line of Yorkshire. Details will be available later as they are being delivered by 'donkey post'.
*1st December 2010 William
Waller Midgley and his son Thomas were the first curators of the Chadwick
Museum at Bolton, Lancashire. Their story is told at the external link: Bolton
Museum. William was a son of William Walter Midgley snr. and Sarah Peace and
grandson of Joseph Midgley of Hambleton and Susannah Cheesbrough of Kirk
*8th August 2010 The important gateway genealogy web sites have been renewed.
*27th April 2010 External link: Midgley's of the North Yorkshire Wolds by Kath Bonson
*7th March 2010
The Rochdale Midgley pedigree has been added as a zipped Gedcom. This line led to the U.S. chemist Thomas Midgley jnr.
Download the file directly here.
*5th March 2010
The full text of the 1294-1297 Wakefield Court Rolls can now be downloaded and searched in a PDF document where you will find many references to the early Midgley name, especially John de Miggeley who was the son of Adam de Migge[ley]. John is described as being a forester in the forest of Sowerby, residing at Hathershelf, Mytholmroyd. Adam appears to have been appointed the Grave of the Graveship, an unusual administrative unit found only in Yorkshire. See https://www.archive.org/download/recordseries29yorkuoft/recordseries29yorkuoft.pdf
Also examine the extractions from this roll
*3rd March 2010
Jay Midgley has an embroidery sampler made by his great great grandmother Sarah Midgley, nee Clegg of Rochdale showing the large house, 'Summer Castle', once sited in Rochdale, Lancashire. See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/rochdale.html
*6th December 2009
Steven Midgley has located more information re Midgleys of Brayton, Thorpe Willoughby and Burn near Selby which has been added to the updated Gedcom file. Download the file at https://www.midgleywebpages.com/midgedcom.html
David Clark has sent some
photographs of two oil paintings depicting Yorkshire rural scenes painted
in 1905 by an Arthur Midgley. This does not appear to be the Arthur
Midgley painter and photographer of Rochdale and Saffron Walden.
The two paintings were presented
to David's great grandfather as a prize for finishing top of the cricket
batting averages in the Bradford league. Images of these two paintings can be viewed at
Additional information relating
to Sir William de Midgley has been located in the Yorkshire Feet of Fines
which throws some light on his faimily, a son by the same name and two daughters.
Google Books have placed Samuel Midgley's book "The History of the Town and parish of Halifax" 1789 online which can also be downloaded as a PDF.
*19th November 2009
Jaqui Bell has revised her research on Midgley
of Allerton & Horton, Bradford, See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/bradford.html
Derek Hindle has added a little more to Midgley
of Farsley and Pudsey, See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/westyorks.html
*5th August 2009 Thanks to Janet Ogden who has added more through transccription of Wills , Releases &c. for Midgley and the manor of Haworth. See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/haworth.html
*3rd July 2009 Data has been gathered concerning Midgley of Barmby, East Yorkshire, the family emigrated to Canada and then the U.S. after 1850. See https://www.midgleywebpages.com/eastyorks.html
*16th April 2009
More detail has been added to the Midgley line of Burn, Brayton & Hambleton &c. by Dave Sunman on the Selby page at and direct download as a zip file at
*15th March 2009
More information has been gathered by Sandra McAllister regarding the Midgley's of Armley, Leeds. See under Leeds at:
*19th September 2008
A connection has been made between William Midgley of Rochdale [b. 1758] a Quaker mill owner and his youngest brother Eli [b. 1771]. Eli is the progenitor of a line which emigrated to the U.S.A in 1850 and 1869 and led to Thomas Midgley jnr. the U.S. chemist who discovered how to extract bromine from seawater, 'ethyl' and freon refrigerants. A Gedcom is in the process of being constructed which unites these two Midgley branches of Lancashire and Yorkshire.
* Jackie Hendrie and Glen Midgley are researching William Midgley of Todmorden, Calderdale b~ 1827 . William married Mary Sagar of Sagar Fold near Burnley.
Steven Midgley has
been looking at the parish church records for Brayton near Selby.
These are held at the Borthwick Institute at York. Here
were found further details on BDM's for the earliest antecedants
in that branch so far.
*20th July 2008
Thomas Midgley IV, the grandson of Thomas Midgley Jr., the Chemist, is kindly forwarding more information concerning this intriguing scientist whose life details are contained in the book, From the Periodic Table to Production, published in 2001. Thomas Midgley Jr. was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in the U.S.A in 2003. Thomas IV's great grandmother travelled to England in the 1920's with an instruction from her son to investigate the family heritage. This she did and in the process produced a small diary of tthe genealogy of this family branch. With this diary and other resources Thomas IV hopes to identify his predecessors who are believed to have worked with James Watt.
*27th March 2008
An updated gedcom of Midgley of Hambleton, Normanton and Cawthorne has additions for Hambleton and Brayton care of Steven Midgley who has been searching the Borthwick Institute at York for the Brayton Parish register, near Selby.
*24th February 2008
Julia Scott is searching for any information concerning Abraham Midgley local Wesleyan preacher in Thornton near Bradford.
*4th December 2007
The primary objective of Ian
and Stephen's project is preparing
two books. These publications cover the history
of Midgley township and the
Midgley surname :
June(ish) 2006: transcripts of wills and inventories of Midgley township identities, covering the period 1531 to 1731 are expected to be available. Ian and Stephen have transcribed about 40 of these, the most commonly occurring family name being Midgley. This will be a small, partially colour illustrated soft backed book that would be a useful historical resource. It’s unlikely to be everyone’s idea of an entertaining read, but as far as Midgley surnames are concerned there are at least seven, including some large inventories that detail all their possessions.
· June 2007: this is the major publication. It will be a hard back book published to a very high standard in full colour. It will cover all ages in the history of the township and will be visually appealing, containing a large number of images: photographs old & new, sources of local history (e,g census) and maps.